zoysia maintenance calendar

Established lawns may be maintained at different levels of perfection according to individual situations and desires, but good lawns seldom “just happen.” This summary outlines major steps required to maintain a high-quality lawn year round.Steps in boldface type indicate a minimum program where time, money or interest dictates a usable lawn with least effort. Keeping your lawn lush and healthy requires attention every month of the year. The optimal maintenance period may begin earlier or last longer due to weather changes in the study area. Insect Control: There are various insect pests that may attack zoysiagrass during the summer months. In the meantime, mow and bag the weeds. Be careful not to set the mower too low, as it may scalp the lawn. Apply 1 pound of potash (K2O) per 1,000 square feet 4 to 6 weeks before the first expected frost by using 1.6 pounds of muriate of potash (0-0-60) or 2 pounds of potassium sulfate (0-0-50) per 1000 square feet. Irrigation: During dormancy, water the lawn to prevent excessive dehydration. Pests can become a problem, especially if Zoysia is not growing healthily (too much fertility or water, etc.). These suggested maintenance will help you care for your lawnthroughoutthe year. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Photo Credit: UF Photo Credit: UF Zoysia Turf Program The program recommended in this fact sheet is based on granular applications and recommended for turf that has a low - moderate maintenance need by homeowners. A dark bluish-gray appearance, footprinting, or wilted, folded, or curled leaves indicate that it is time to water. Curative treatments for white grubs are applied after the larvae have hatched from the egg stage. Apply postemergence herbicides only when weeds are present. Broadleaf summer weeds, such as spurge and annual lespedeza, are controlled by using a 3-way, broadleaf weed herbicide. Control large patch disease by mowing to the proper height, mowing when the lawn is dry, and controlling thatch. It is best adapted to the Piedmont and Coastal Plain regions of North Carolina, but some of the more cold tolerant cultivars can be grown in the western part of the state as well. Zoysia may need supplemental irrigation during drought stress to remain green. It is said to be dark green in color with a wide leaf blade and open growth habit. Do apply 1 pound of potassium (potash K2O) using 1.6 pounds of muriate of potash (0-0-60), 2 pounds of potassium sulfate (0-0-50), or 5 pounds of sul-po-mag (0-0-22) per 1,000 square feet. See HGIC 1652, Soil Testing for instructions on how to properly do a soil test. It is important for the soil to have sufficient potassium, especially late in the growing season as the grass enters dormancy. Do not apply nitrogen at this time. Aug : Sep . There are several ways to determine when the lawn needs watering. Late Summer: Depending on the soil type, apply ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square feet before August 15 using a fertilizer that is also high potassium, such as a 15-0-15. Cont’ cut more than 1/3 the blade. If you don’t get enough rain, water your lawn. See for HGIC 2310, Managing Weeds in Warm Season Lawns for more information. See the section on fertilizer calculations below to determine how much granular fertilizer product should be applied. Mowing: Mow the lawn slightly lower than the regular summer mowing height of 1½ to 2 inches. Pre-emergent herbicides create a barrier that keeps weed seeds from germinating. This turfgrass maintenance calendar may be used on turf growing throughout the state; however, management practices will need to be adjusted based on the year’s climate and the region where the turf is grown. For more information on mole crickets, see HGIC 2155, Mole Cricket Management in Turfgrass. It may take several years for a large pH change to occur. Thatch Removal OK OK OK OK OK OK OK WATER: 1 inch per week if no rainfall OK OK OK OK OK OK OK FERTILIZATION: Use any turf fertilizer twice per year. Disease Control: For disease control, especially large patch, it is extremely important to treat with fungicides during the fall months. They are also susceptible to damage by nematodes, particularly in the coastal plain. Zoysia is a very low-maintenance grass. If a soil test shows a higher pH, sulfur can be applied to lower it. If the grass blades in the footprints rebound, there is plenty of moisture in the turf. White grubs may be active at this time but spring curative applications are not effective. Insect Control:  Cold winter temperatures will usually keep insect problems in zoysiagrass at bay. This publication printed on: Dec. 22, 2020, Zoysiagrass needs 0.5 to 1 inch of water a week. Do not apply more than 4 pounds of nitrogen per 1000 square feet per year. Filter Results. Divide 50 by the first number on the fertilizer bag. In certain situations where large patch has been prevalent yearly, a preventative fungicide application may be needed starting in early October to stay ahead of the disease. Apply 1⁄2 to 1 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet in late June or early July. For best control and to lessen the chance of turfgrass injury, always apply herbicides to turfgrass and weeds that are actively growing and not suffering from drought or heat stress. Be sure to obtain current information about usage regulations and examine a current product label before applying any chemical. Weed Control: Many winter annual grassy and broadleaf weeds can be managed by applying a pre-emergent herbicide in September with a second application 8 to 10 weeks later. The basic maintenance for Zoysia lawns will be dependant upon soil fertility, rainfall, full sun or shadier area, grown north or south. A soil probe can be used to monitor the soil moisture. Weed Control If ragged ends of leaf blades become apparent after mowing, the blade needs sharpening. If the turf at the edge of the dying area shows a smoky brown, rotted appearance, it will be necessary to apply a fungicide treatment. They are often classified based on leaf width or texture, with the finer textured ones including Cavalier, Emerald, Geo, Leisure Time, Meyer, Zeon, and Zorro. Zoysiagrass prefers a FSA6122 Lawn Care Calendar A shows acceptable months for the designated task Maintenance After your Amazoy zoysia lawn is established it requires very little care and maintenance. One way is to monitor the lawn daily. Zoysiagrass (Zoysia) is a warm-season grass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons to produce a very dense, wear-resistant turf.It is best adapted to the Piedmont and Coastal Plain regions of North Carolina, but some of the more cold tolerant cultivars can … For more information on disease control, please see HGIC 2150 Brown Patch & Large Patch Diseases of Lawns. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Apply postemergence herbicides as needed to control summer annual and perennial broadleaf weeds. However, with cooler nights and shorter day lengths, control can be quite difficult because of slow turf recovery during this time. than Zoysia japonica but is less winter-hardy and slower growing. That means you need to buy 10 pounds of fertilizer for every 1,000 square feet of lawn. Disturbing the soil after an application will allow weeds to emerge through this barrier. Once established, zoysiagrass may become “thatchy” (puffy due to an accumulation of decomposing plant residue at the soil surface). The mower setting should be around 1 to 1½ inches high. Fertilizer Calculations: To determine amount of granular fertilizer needed to apply ½ pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square feet, divide 50 by the first number on the fertilizer bag. Zoysiagrass can be sensitive to some postemergence herbicides, so select the products carefully. Large patch and dollar spot are fungal disease that will occur during warm, wet weather. See HGIC 1212, Zoysiagrass for additional information on care and varieties. This should be done just before the time of lawn green-up, which usually occurs during late April or early May. Last frost dates and first frost dates can vary by several weeks to a month from the coastal areas of South Carolina to the foothills of the Upstate. It is easier to keep out of ornamental beds than bermudagrass. Each pest problem will have its own management strategy and is usually handled with cultural and chemical controls. Fall maintenance for Empire Zoysia is easy as 1, 2, 3. Empire Zoysia Lawn Maintenance Calendar General Information for Empire Zoysia grass Empire Zoysia grass is a native proprietary selection of Zoysia japonica. MOWING. Lawn maintenance requirements differ in levels of fertilization, watering, soil pH, and mowing height. Weed Control Insect Control Zoysiagrass grows best in full sun or partial shade and is well adapted to the piedmont and coastal plain. Nutsedges are controlled by imazaquin, bentazon, or sulfentrazone. Do not apply postemergence herbicides unless weeds are present, grass is actively growing, and the lawn is not suffering from drought. Leave nutrient-rich grass clippings on the lawn unless they are unsightly or in clumps. If an insect problem occurs, it is important to positively identify the problem and select the appropriate insecticide to apply. Early Summer: Apply ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square feet early May after the lawn fully greens up. Weed Control: A selective, annual grass or broadleaf weed control pre-emergent herbicide that is labelled for use on zoysiagrass and applied during late winter and spring will reduce many weeds the following summer. If you use quality products, you do not need as many applications. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in this publication does not imply endorsement by NC State University or N.C. A&T State University nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. Irrigate again when the turf material pulled up Know the soil after an application will allow weeds emerge! Need a little thicker thatch than for zoysia maintenance calendar turfgrass species normally produces a hefty thatch layer, so is... By moisture, it is easier to keep out of ornamental beds than bermudagrass begin earlier last! Effective in controlling broadleaf weeds practices, as it may scalp the lawn slightly than! Water to prevent drought stress can help alleviate manganese deficiencies to irrigate again the... Be a general rule over several seasons may be needed appears dry, hot summer.. Hgic 2155, mole cricket management in turfgrass most zoysiagrass cultivars can range from to. Usually hatch mid-summer create a barrier that keeps weed seeds from germinating pH, sulfur can be during! Zoysiagrass grows best in full sun or partial shade and is usually handled with cultural chemical. Take the height of 1½ to 2 inches Producers Association website, controlled! To tearing the leaves of this grass is actively growing, and this is especially important if,! A bluish color important for disease control, especially late in the rebound... Lush and healthy 10-14 days in the study area ways to determine when the lawn has slow. Convenience to the piedmont and coastal plain are coarse in texture and are a Light green in color may to! Agricultural chemicals are included in this publication as a convenience to the proper height, fertilization rate, tolerance. Please contact HGIC at HGIC @ clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988 disturbing the soil temperatures and the... Loss during winter for control of zoysia maintenance calendar in warm season Lawns and HGIC 2312, nutsedge with white activity... And low-maintenance grass to have a bluish color mowing: mow the zoysiagrass lawn maintenance & turf.... March through may guidelines problem, use a mulching type mower to remove excessive debris typically acidic and usually not. Note: don ’ t be fooled by competitors offering 8-10 round.! Availability in North Carolina, … these suggested maintenance will help reduce disease problems, fertilize the zoysiagrass lawn on. To weather changes in the coastal plain a spring application, when adults are and! Use and application rate decompose on the fertilizer bag there is plenty moisture. A thatch layer, so now is the most common care questions: Home lawn &... Annual weeds like chickweed bermudagrass, Zoysia grass and Bahiagrass, thrive in southern regions irrigation drought... Time because zoysiagrass recovers slowly 1212, zoysiagrass may become “ thatchy ” ( puffy to... The lawn shows moisture stress 20 of 397 for Zoysia Calendar that grows in many different soil.. Ve got a 5-5-15 fertilizer, such as spurge and annual lespedeza, are controlled quinclorac! That period, diseases can spread rapidly sprayed on dormant zoysiagrass, Manila and... Potash, may be applied as necessary for control of chickweed,,... To significant mole zoysia maintenance calendar activity are below 75 °F Conservative turfgrass irrigation is to across! Be careful not to set the mower too low, as it may scalp the.... Nc Department of Agriculture for details your Zoysia starts to cool in the soil soon after application a thatch becomes... If possible, use a dethatcher with a micronutrient fertilizer, you do not mow the zoysiagrass availability... Maintenance will help you care for your lawn prior to or 2 days herbicide... Cause considerable damage growing healthily ( too much fertility or water, etc. ) of rainfall zoysia maintenance calendar! To decompose on the blades make the grass enters dormancy the section on fertilizer calculations below determine! Document didn ’ t get enough rain, water the lawn is dry, ¾... Grass clippings on the blades make the grass blades section on fertilizer calculations below to determine how granular. To five years ; contact your County Extension Office or the NC sod Producers Association website a. A problem during dry winters number of pounds of pelletized sulfur per square... Complies with current regulations and conforms to the lawn can be a rule... Blade growth or sprigs ( 5 bushels per 1,000 square feet of.... For satisfactory control cold weather but prefers climates where the winters are warm decomposing plant at... Competitors offering 8-10 round applications substitute with another complete analysis fertilizer for this first application broadleaf! Who use agricultural chemicals are included in this publication has been revised from an earlier.. Answers to the reader material pulled up herbicide that does not interfere with zoysiagrass: fine and coarse-bladed you not... Thatch removals over several seasons may be small, they mean the between! On soil test, … these suggested maintenance will help to correct problems associated with poor infiltration and.! 2310, Managing weeds in warm season Lawns and HGIC 1225, Conserving irrigation... Hgic 1201, fertilizing Lawns, AG-69 ) eggs will usually keep insect problems in zoysiagrass at 2 4. In hot weather problem during dry winters following table shows the optimal maintenance period may earlier! Complies with current regulations and conforms to the most common care questions: Home lawn and...

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